Auxiliary verb (kata kerja bantu) adalah kata kerta yang digunakan untuk melengkapi kata kerja biasa sehingga terbentuklah kata kerja baru yang terdiri dari 2 kata atau lebih yang disebut sebagai frasa kata kerja

Auxiliary verb (kata kerja bantu) terdiri dari 4 (empat) jenis, yaitu:

  • To Be

Penggunaan To Be sebagai Auxiliary verb (kata kerja bantu)

Subject V1 (Present) V2 (Past) P != Verb (dipakai untuk kalimat yang predikatnya bukan kata kerja)
You, They, We (nama orang/ benda jamak) Are Were
I Am Was
She, He, It (nama orang / benda tunggal) Is Was

Contoh :

  1. (+) He is handsome

          (-) He is not handsome

          (?) He is handsome ? (Yes. He is / No. He is not)

      2. (+) They were here yesterday

          (-)They were not here yesterday

          (?) Were they here yesterday ? (Yes, they were / No, they were not)

  • To Be
Subject V1 (Present) V2 (Past) P = Verb

(dipakai untuk kalimat yang predikatnya kata kerja dalam kalimat (-) dan (?) )

They, We, I, You (nama orang/ benda jamak) Do Did
She, He, It (nama orang / benda tunggal) Does Did

Contoh :

  1. (+) They go to Bandung

(-) They do not go to Bandung

(?) Do they go to Bandung ? (Yes, they do / No, they do not )

2.(+) Aris worked here yesterday

(-) Aris did not work here yesterday

(?) Did Aris work here yesterday ? (Yes, he is  / No, he  is not

Apabila Subjek-nya She, He ,It (nama orang / benda tunggal) dalam kalimat bentuk Present (Sekarang), maka Kata Kerjanya harus ditambah “-es” atau “-s”

Contoh ditambah “-es” :

  1. Watch => watches (menonton)
  2. Wash => washes (mencuci)
  3. Kiss => kisses (mencium)
  4. Do => does (mengerjakan)
  5. Go => goes (pergi)
  6. Fix => fixes (memperbaiki)
  7. Study => studies (belajar)

Contoh ditambah “-es” :

  1. Buy => buys (membeli)
  2. Pay => washes (membayar)
  3. Play => plays (bermain)

Contoh Kalimat :

(+) He studies English

(-) He does not study English

(?) Does he study English ? (Yes, he does / No, he does not)

 

  • To Have

Untuk predikatnya Verb (kata kerja)

Subject V1 (Present) V2 (Past) + V3
They, We, I, You (nama orang/ benda jamak) Have had
She, He, It (nama orang / benda tunggal) Has Had

 

Contoh:

  1. (+) We have eaten

(-) We have not eaten

(?) Have we eaten ? (Yeswe have  / No, we have not)

  1. (+) She has gone

(-) She has not gone

(?) Has he gone ? (Yes, he has / No, he has not)

Untuk Predikatnya bukan Verb (bukan kata kerja)

Subject V1 (Present) V2 (Past) To Be bukan Verb

(bukan kata kerja)

They, We, I, You (nama orang/ benda jamak) Have had + been

(Verb 3)

She, He, It (nama orang / benda tunggal) Has Had

Contoh:

  1. (+) We have been here

(-) We have not been here

(?) Have we been here ? (Yes we have / No, we have not)

  1. (+) She has been tall

(-) She has not been tall

(?) Has she been tall ? (Yes, she has  / No, she has not)

  • Modals

Untuk kalimat yang predikatnya Verb (kata kerja)

Subject V1 (Present) V2 (Past) + Verb 1 Meaning
They, We, I, You, She, He, It (nama orang / benda jamak / jamak)

 

Can Could Bisa, dapat
Must,

have to / has to

Had to Harus
May Might Boleh, mungkin
Will / shall Would / should Akan

 

Contoh :

  1. (+) It can fly

(-) It can not fly

(? ) Can it fly ? (Yes, it can / No, it can not)

(+) Aris could come yesterday

(-) Aris could not come yesterday

(? ) Could Aris come yesterday? (Yes, he could  / No, he could not

  1. (+) I wiil go tomorrow

(-) I wiil not go tomorrow

(? ) Will i go tomorrow ? (Yes, i will  / No, i will not)

Untuk kalimat yang predikatnya bukan Verb (bukan kata kerja)

Subject V1 (Present) V2 (Past) To Be Bukan Verb

(Bukan kata kerja)

Meaning
They, We, I, You, She, He, It (nama orang / benda jamak / jamak)

 

Can Could be Bisa, dapat
Must,

have to / has to

Had to Harus
May Might Boleh, mungkin
Will / shall Would / should Akan

 

Contoh :

  1. (+) We can be here on time

(-) We can not  be here on time

(?) Can we be here on time ? (Yes, we can / No, we can not)

  1. (+) He may be Aris

(-) He may not be Aris

(?) May be Aris ? (Yes, he may /  No, he may not)

 

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